Mutton Dum Biryani

A fragrant and spicy mixture of rice and goat meat slow cooked in a vessel sealed with dough.

Yields: 10-12 servings, Prep Time: 1 hr, Inactive Time (marination): 2 hrs,

Cooking Time: 40-45 mins.

Cooking biryani is no easy task, especially dum biryani which calls for the meat and rice being prepared separately and then combining it together to bake in it's own steam. It is time consuming and involves some complex steps that can surely leave you intimidated. To make things easier I'm going to divide the process into 4 parts - Preparing home-made biryani masala and marinating the meat, prepping the rice, caramelizing the onions, and finally putting everything together to make the biryani.


4 bay leaves

2 cinnamon sticks

2 tsp black peppercorns

2 tsp cloves

3 mace (javitri)

2 tsp green cardamoms

4 black cardamoms

1 nutmeg

1 tsp fennel seeds

1 tsp saffron strands


3lbs/1.2 kg Mutton or Lamb

5 green Indian/Thai chilies, chopped

2 tbsp ginger garlic paste

1 cup yogurt

1/2 cup cilantro, chopped

1/2 cup mint leaves, chopped

2 tbsp home made biryani masala 

1 tbsp turmeric powder

2 tbsp red chili powder

1 tbsp salt


2 1/2 cups basmati rice

2 tsp salt

5-6 cups of water


4 yellow onions, sliced 

1 cup vegetable oil

A pinch of salt


1 cup whole flour

1/2 cup water


1 tsp saffron strands

6 tbsp milk

Some caramelized onions

1/2 cup cilantro,

1/2 cup mint leaves


Part I

1. Grind the biryani masala spices into a fine powder. Keep aside.

2. Marinate the mutton. Add salt, ginger garlic paste, chilies, biryani masala, turmeric, red chili powder, yogurt, half a cup of cilantro and mint leaves, and mix well. Let it marinate for minimum 2 hrs (for best results marinate overnight).


3. To prepare the rice, firstly rinse it at least 5-6 times, then soak it in a cup of water for 15-20mins (water should rise a couple of inches above the rice). Once the rice absorbs the water on the surface it is ready to be cooked. 

4. Fill a pot with water, add salt and bring it to a boil on a high flame. When the water starts boiling intensely, add the rice, and lower the heat to a medium flame. 

5. Cook the rice for approximately 15 minutes or until it  begins to float on the surface. 

6. Make sure that the rice is al dente, which means that it should be undercooked.

7. Strain the excess water and set it aside. 


8. To caramelize the onions, add a cup of oil in wok and heat it on a high flame. Once the oil starts bubbling add the onions and fry it till it turns golden brown.

9. Place the caramelized onions on a paper towel to drain the excess oil.


10. Lastly, soak saffron strands in milk and set aside for at least 15mins.

12. Finally, it's time to cook the biryani. Heat ghee/unsalted butter in a large vessel, over a medium flame. Turn the heat down to a low flame.  First, add the marinated mutton (make sure it's at room temperature before cooking) and mix it with the ghee, then add a layer of caramelized onions over it, then add the rice.  Top it off with the saffron soaked milk

13. Cover with a lid and seal it with the dough. Add a pan filled with water over this, and let the biryani cook on a low flame for at least 45-60 minutes. For best results slow cook the meat for an hour and a half.

14. When the biryani is ready, take the pan off the vessel and break off the dough. Open the lid and garnish with the remaining caramelized onions, and coriander and mint leaves

15. Mix well and serve with raita (yogurt mixed with tomato, onions, cucumber, cilantro and a pinch of salt).


  • Make sure to get fresh mutton, specifically mutton which is still on the bone (shoulder meat).

  • Rinse the mutton 8-10 times and dry it. Before marinating, you can also use a tenderizer like raw papaya paste on the meat.

  • To add some extra flavor to the rice,  add about 4 black peppercorns, 4 cloves, 2 bay leaves, 1 tsp cumin seeds, and ghee to the rice when it's being cooked.

  • Slow cooking the meat ensures that it remains tender. If you have the time, slow cook the meat for an hour and a half for best results.

  • You can also garnish the biryani with some nuts and dry fruits like chopped almonds and cashew nuts, raisins, etc to enhance the overall flavor of the biryani. 






Chicken in Creamy Mushroom Sauce

Herb coated grilled chicken breasts covered in a creamy mushroom sauce.

Yields: 2 servings, Total Time: 1 hr 15 mins


2 chicken breasts, thin cut

1 tbsp thyme

1 tbsp rosemary

1 tbsp oregano

1 tbsp basil

4 white mushrooms, chopped

4 cloves garlic, minced

1/2 cup heavy cream

2 tbsp bbq sauce

Salt, Pepper

Olive oil

Grated Parmesan


1. Make thin vertical slits on the chicken breasts, and sprinkle the herb mix (thyme, rosemary, oregano, basil) all over it. Add a drizzle of olive oil, and massage the chicken breasts well, making sure that it absorbs all the herbs. Add a dash of salt and massage again. Cover, and set aside for 30 - 40 minutes.

2. In a pan, heat 3 tablespoons of olive oil over a medium flame. Add the herb marinated chicken breasts, and let it cook for 20 minutes, turning sides occasionally to make sure that it is getting cooked on either side.

3. Check if the chicken is cooked by poking the meatiest portions of the chicken breast with a knife. If it’s cooked well, the knife will go through easily without any resistance.
4. Once cooked, take out the chicken breasts and keep it aside. Heat the same pan on a low flame. Add the heavy cream, garlic, and let it simmer for 2 minutes. 

5. Add the mushrooms, bbq sauce, a dash of pepper, and stir well. Simmer on a very low flame for 5 minutes, or till
it turns a little thick. 

6. Pour the sauce over the chicken breasts and sprinkle some grated parmesan over it. Serve with steamed rice/sliced baguette bread/boiled baby carrots.

Butter Garlic Prawns

Prawns covered in a warm mustard and butter garlic sauce.

Yields: 4-5 servings, Total Time: 15-20 mins

What you need:

1lb (1/2 kg) medium sized prawn/shrimp, cleaned and deveined.

1 long Indian green chili pepper

2-3 tablespoon mustard (For best results use the Pub style/Old fashioned mustard from Stonewall Kitchen)

1 tablespoon mayonnaise

5 tablespoon salted butter

1 entire bulb of garlic, chopped

1/2 teaspoon salt

2-3 cilantro leaves (optional)

pepper (optional)

What to do:

1. Rub mustard all over the prawns. Make sure that every single one is evenly coated. Add half a teaspoon of salt, and mix well. Cover, and leave aside for 20-30 minutes.

2. Melt butter in a bowl, and add chopped garlic to it. Mix well, and set aside for about a minute or two.

3. Heat a large deep pan/wok over a medium flame. Add the butter garlic mixture, and lower the heat to a medium - low flame, cooking for about a minute, or till the garlic softens.

4. Slit the chili pepper vertically and add it in the pan. Let it cook for a minute or two.

5. Add the mustard marinated prawns. Stir well, making sure that the prawns absorb the spicy butter garlic mixture. Cover the pan, and let it cook for 10 - 15 minutes.

6. Once the prawns turn light pink in color, lower the heat, and add the mayonnaise. Mix well. Check to see if the prawns are cooked. If soft and tender, turn off the gas and cover the pan for 5mins. Lastly add salt and pepper according to taste. Garnish with cilantro.  


A quick way to defrost prawns/shrimps is to place it directly under cold running water for a while. 10 - 15 minutes of this treatment helps defrost them quickly.